Are you ready for a large post? This baby is more than half as long as an extended essay.
THE ARTS– To what extent to the arts help us to see the world with new eyes?
The arts reveal a lot about culture and history and art is created within the paradigm of how someone sees the world, so by analyzing art we can understand said person’s paradigm. For example, let’s look at the Classical Greeks:
Greek art was judged by how clearly it expressed an idea—the goal was not optical stimulation.
Classical art reveals the a clash between traditional idealism and the new idea that all knowledge was derived from sense experience that was prevalent in the fifth century. There is a dualism in Classical art: it forces one to ponder the relationship between the ideal and the actual. An Example: in the sculptures of Gods we see serenity, youthfulness, timelessness…on a normal looking Athenians. Art allows us to see the two Classical value systems: 1) Accept and perceive the universe and having an objective reality and adopted an essentially idealistic position by maintaining that its underlying truth could be demonstrated by math and geometry or 2) Subjective experience is the only certain and that experience is the measure of all things. Overall, the juxtaposition of pragmatism and idealism in life was important, the Greeks were enthralled with the fusing of idealism and subjectivism characterized by classical art.
And so desirable subjects shifted from epic stories and heroes to a desire to depict quotidian life. An example of a desirable subject: a music teachers or a gym (good for foreshortening). There was also an interest in conveying emotion through facial expressions and a new concern for how figures looked in an environment. Expression became a huge aspect of Greek Art. There was a freewheeling humanism in the 5th century BC.
However art was still concerned with morality and was, at its core, about attitude and action. Art was simple and austere in the Classical period because of the moral self consciousness. For example, art tells us that Moderation and self-control were divinely sanctioned virtues because in art, those who spurned them risked divine vengeance.
Greek art tells us about the paradigm of the people who created it. In the same way, today, we can analyze our art and see what it tells us about ourselves. In order to truly understand the world around us, we’ve got to understand ourselves first.
ETHICS – Do “good” people see the world differently from “bad” people?
This answer is going to be much shorter. First of all, I don’t know what is meant by “good” and “bad” people…if anything, it comes down to a matter of who’s in focus if we’re going to dichotomize: are you thinking for yourself or other people? In that way, people see the world differently.
HISTORY – Should we trust eye-witness accounts?
I think that it is all situational and also depends on the person. In some cases, eye-witnesses are not reliable. Many people are falsely convicted because of bad eyewitness testimony. Let’s look at the case of Larry Holdren. Holdren was convicted and sentenced in February 1985, of six counts of sexual assault. He was sentenced to thirty to sixty years in prison. He had been arrested and charged in 1983.
In December 1982, a woman was jogging when a man approached her. He was dressed in a hooded jacket and shoved her down a hill. The woman’s glasses fell off during the fall. Then the woman was then dragged into a storm sewer. she was raped vaginally, anally, and orally… and her captor ejaculated over her face.
When the victim reached a hospital, evidence from the rape was collected.
Holdren was identified a month after the crime in a photo lineup…though he did not fit her initial description, she became agitated while looking at Holdren’s picture. In addition to that, a man who was near the scene on that night claimed that Holdren’s photo bore resemblance to that of a man he had seen that night. In March 1983, Holdren.
“The defense asked that the biological evidence collected be tested, but the hospital had not preserved the relevant evidence. The remaining slides could not be typed and the police laboratory had found no semen stains on the sweatshirt. Holdren presented an alibi defense, corroborated by several witnesses. The jury convicted him on six counts of sexual assault.”
Holdren’s appeals were in vain: he lost all of them. He continued to assert his innocence. In 1997, the prosecution allowed another examination of the remaining evidence.
The DNA profile that excluded Holdren.
“In June 1999, the state agreed to enter a joint order to reverse Holdren’s conviction and release him from prison. His indictment was dismissed in January 2000”.
On the other hand, eyewitnesses can be reliable. For instance, here is the qualitative data I gathered about a bio experiment: All the prisms, before the experiment looked like blue jello. Once we poured the vinegar over the top and the diffusion began, the prisms appeared to be glowing on the edges. It looked very cool. The prisms floated slightly in the vinegar. The prisms appeared greenish before changing to yellow with slivers of blue-green in the center. When I looked from the side as opposed to from above, I could see the remaining blue better. When the prism was finally completely yellow, it looked like solid pee.
I think that that’s pretty reliable.
HUMAN SCIENCES– How does the act of observation influence what is observed?
It depends on what situation we’re talking about. Are we talking about naturalistic observations? Does the subject know that they’re being observed (in that case we have the Hawthorn effect or the screw-you effect) or are the observations covert?
EMOTION – How does your mood affect your perception of things?
My mood colors the world—do I see the glass as half empty or half full?
NATURAL SCIENCES– How far do expectations influence observations?
I don’t feel like I’m qualified to say—and I don’t know if it is the same for everyone.
LANGUAGE– How does the way we describe something affect the way we see it?
Okay, take a look at this: This story originally appeared in the February 24, 1964, issue of U.S.News & World Report.
In case you’re worried about the craze over those Beatles—here are some reassuring words from one of the best-known sociologists in the U.S. David Riesman, Harvard professor and noted author on social trends, was interviewed by “U.S. News & World Report.”
Q Professor Riesman, is the furor over the singers who call themselves the Beatles a sign that American youngsters are going crazy?
A No crazier than hitherto. In the first place, any large city will turn out a minority capable of nearly anything. One mustn’t exaggerate and attribute to the vast majority the reactions of the minority.
Q Would you say that the fad for the Beatles is a mania, then?
A It’s a form of protest against the adult world. These youngsters are hoping to believe in something, or respond to something new that they have found for themselves.
Q What about the shaggy-dog hair style of the Beatles?
A Well, they are British, and the British are accepted as being eccentric, anyway.
So the hair styles don’t have the same meaning as they would have if the Beatles were unkempt in the American “beat” style. Actually, these young men, although unkempt in one way, are very “kempt” in another.
Q Does that account for their popularity with teen-age girls?
A I don’t know. Presley also had this tremendous impact on girls. But he had a male audience, too, with his swagger and his aggressiveness and his defiance. But it’s very safe for a young girl to admire these Englishmen. Then, too, there are four of them, and there’s safety in numbers.
Now let’s take a look at this picture:
That was what passed, in those days, for long and unkept. Nowadays? We would describe these men as, most likely, classy and conservative. Our language reveals are perspective and also influences our perspective.
This podcast shows that even something as simple as masculine and feminine noun categories impacts our perspective: http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/lexicon_valley/2012/05/lexicon_valley_how_grammatical_gender_changes_our_thinking_and_how_english_lost_its_genders_.html
REASON – Which is a more reliable source of knowledge – perception or reason?
Reason is based on perception, so perception is more reliable. Perception can be corrupted, and so taking that corrupt perception and analyzing it to make reason, would make everything worse.
How long did it take you to figure out what is in the image above?
My understanding was almost instantaneous.
How would a TREE be seen by: a: a logger b: an environmentalist c: a biologist d: a native American ?
a. a logger would see the profit in a tree–the value would stem from what a tree can give the logger.
b. an environmentalist would see a tree in relation to it’s impact on nature and the world around it–they would see the tree as part of a whole.
c. a biologist would see the tree as something to be understood–he/she would examine the inner elements of the tree (he/she would look at how the parts make the whole)
d. That depends…if they are traditionalists, spiritually, they would respect the tree as something, in and of itself, of spiritual value.
Imagine you’ve witnessed a violent crime and get a brief but clear glimpse of the assailant. What confidence would you have that you could correctly identify one of the following men?
Very little confidence.
“If a tree falls in the forest and there’s no one there to hear it does it make a sound?”
How do you know that no one was around to hear when the tree fell? Because if no one was around to hear, no one could attest to the fact that it fell when it did, and if no one can attest to the fact that it fell when it did, there can be certainty of when exactly it fell ergo you can’t know if no one heard.
What happens when the line between the digital and physical worlds becomes blurred? How will our senses be augmented by technology? Can they be replaced by it? What does “The Internet of Things” mean? What is the future of Interactive Design and User Experience?
2. CURATE an optical illusion (or more than 1) you find particularly interesting and post to your blog so we can share them. If you can explain how it works that would be great.
If you stare at the following picture long enough, you should see a giraffe… From the national institute of environmental and health sciences
But seriously, this one is cool:
Move the scroll-bar to maximize the effect.
3. CHOOSE 1 sense (sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell). Choose 1 hour of your day and keep track of absolutely EVERYTHING you experience through that sense ONLY and record it on your blog.
Study Hall in Professora’s room – Sound
- Fingers drumming
- Time Has Come – Hillsong
- You hold me now—Hillsong
- Desks being dragged
- Chairs moving
- Laptops hitting the table
- Footsteps (sneakers/slippers)
- Ty going “AHHHH”
- The door opening and closing
- Devotion – Hillsong
- Chairs scraping things
- Feet taping
- Utensils scraping
- Bags hitting the ground
- Laughing/Giggling/smothered giggles
- Cheering (from a song recorded live)
- Where the Love Lasts forever – Hillsong
- King of all Days – Hillsong
- A computer hitting the ground
- Freedom is here – performed by Hope Chapel Kaneohe Bay
- The Stand – Hillsong
- Hosanna Jay Larson Techno Remix
- Heaven and Earth – Phil Wickham
- For all who are to come – Hillsong
- Point of Difference – Hillsong
4. RESPOND with a paragraph regarding your reading of Hilary Lawson’s story about visual agnosia
The first thing that comes to mind when I read this is oh my goodness, that’s scary. Could it happen to me, too? Then, I think he must be really smart to be able to make his way in a lost world. I realize from this article just another thing I take for granted: it is so easy for me to give the world form, it is so easy for me to find the patterns around me at impose order on the chaos…yet I never stop to appreciate how fortunate I am to have that power. But it also makes me wonder…how real is the order that I impose?
5. Which of the 3 “Theories of Reality” do you most adhere to? EXPLAIN.
I adhere most to SCIENTIFIC REALISM “The world exists as an independent reality, but is very different from the way we perceive it.” because that makes sense to me, religiously. But rather than being, for me, a colorless, odorless place, the objective world is the reality as God perceives it.
6. We are all very good at seeing only what we want to see. Can you give some EXAMPLES of the way in which our BELIEFS, CULTURE, or MOOD affects the way we see things?
If I believe that I have GURD, I’ll start noticing things in favor of my self diagnosis–I’ll feel GURD symptoms when I eat GURD foods, feel ill.
If I’m in Classical Greece, I’ll look at lighting and see God.
We come back to that Slate Podcast. Really, it is really good and perfectly illustrates this point!
If I’m happy, I’m more optimistic: the rain smells good and is feeding the earth and makes me more happy. When I’m sad the rain is gloomy and gets everything unpleasantly wet and turns the sky an ugly shade of grey.
7. Regarding Patty Maes’ TED talk on technology and a “Sixth Sense”, as well as the “Connecting” documentary film, what IMPLICATIONS do you foresee for such knowledge/ perception enhancers?
All of this interface technology looks really cool…but especially when the connect video was talking about “technology anticipating our needs” I was reminded of one of my favorite books, I, Robot by Isaac Asimov. If you haven’t read it, I’d recommend it…it is an amazing book. But I can’t help but think that maybe someday robots will become smarter than we will. I know that these movies were about interface macienes (which require a human), but still…I can’t help but wonder where our technology will take us. The future in I, Robot is not bad…it is just unsettling.
8. Find an example of a logo or advertisement using the design principles of GESTALT. Identify if it involves Similarity, Dissimilarity, Continuation,Closure, Proximity, or Figure and Ground.
9. CURATE an article or video regarding ANY of the senses and sense perception. Try to find at least 2 knowledge issues /questions and post all that:
Okay, so what does this video on Dark Matter have to do with anything? The point is that we can’t sense dark matter–we can’t see it, feel it, touch it, taste it, smell it or anything…we can’t detect it or perceive it in any way. It is completely invisible to us–and yet it has a huge impact on our lives. So I ask you this:
1. Given that something is unperceivable, does it have an impact on me?
2. How important is my perception of reality?
3. How much can my senses tell me?
For the record, Ms. Burvall, this took FOREVER Please enjoy it.